As technology improves, and more and more tasks arecompleted by machines instead of humans, the question is no longer about whatwe can do with machines, but rather what we should. Although the usage of machines increasesefficiency and our standard of living, it detracts from the value of human life.
As machines increasingly perform all our basic tasks, society is ableto produce more. The additional production adds material valueto our society and frees people up from these low-skill tasks. This is in agreement with Perspective Two which claims that this industrialization leads tomore prosperity. For example,in the 18th century, short-staple cotton that was grown in the Southern UnitedStates required an immense amount of labor in order to separate the seeds fromthe fiber to process the cotton to make it marketable. However,in the mid-19th century, Eli Whitney, an American entrepreneur, invented thecotton gin, which allowed for automation of cotton processing. This machine replaced the need of a large workforce for the process and greatly improved production. Asa result of the cotton gin, short-staple cotton production skyrocketed,increasing by more than 10 times in the South while bringing prosperity to theregion and setting in motion a new industrial era in America. This is in agreement with Perspective Three, which says that mechanization allows for“unimagined possibilities”. Although there are clearly many advantages toindustrialization, there are also some heavy drawbacks.
本段是主体段第*部分，第句是topic sentence，照应本文thesis statement的“Although theusage of machines increases efficiency and our standard of living”，第和句分别阐述了与命题中观点二和观点三的逻辑关系，并辅以例证(第到句)。本段结尾处第句是一过渡句，承上启下，使得文章结构极为严谨。
The replacement of humans by machines leads to the loss of value tohuman life, an effect that outweighs the material gains of automation. The search to findhuman tasks that can be performed by machines inevitably leads to comparisonetween the human and the machine. If acompany executive wants to see if an inventory management team can be replacedby a robotic system, he will compare the two and determine which can do abetter job. When this occurs, the peopleon the team are evaluated not for their worth as human beings, but for theireffectiveness at performing a specific function—in essence, as we wouldevaluate a machine. In a larger sense,when we begin to think about humans in this way, the worth of a person’s lifebecomes dependent on only what they can do and no longer has any intrinsicvalue. As Perspective Onestates, we begin to lose our humanity. Thisnew mindset and way of evaluating people, though seemingly harmless in theworkplace, is devastating when it begins to pervade a society. If a person is judged only on his or hercapability, there is no reason for a person to remain after they have servedtheir function. This would warrantgenocide against the elderly and the disabled because their burden on societywould not be made up for by any production. Althoughthe machines may seem to only fulfill the low skill jobs at the moment, thereis no barrier to prevent the machines from replacing more. As the machinesincrease in intelligence, they will replace any tasks done by humans and renderus unnecessary and worthless.
本段是主体段第二部分，第句是topic sentence，照应本文thesis statement的“it detractsfrom the value of human life”，第句阐述了与命题中观点一的逻辑关系，进一步明确个人观点。本段中虽然没有像第*部分那样给出具体的例证，但是使用了推理性论证的手法，倒也能自圆其说。(例证的时候，建议大家使用具体的例证，说服力会更强一些)本段结尾处第句是小结，既照应了本段开头，又让主题显得更加鲜明。
Due to the risks of dehumanization, the materialbenefits of machines are not enough to justify its increasing presence.